Neuroscience, often referred to as neurobiology or brain science, delves into the intricate world of the nervous system. This multidisciplinary field examines the structure and function of the brain, uncovering the mechanisms behind perception, behavior, and cognition. Neuroscience also explores the role of the brain in health and disease, providing valuable insights into mental disorders and neurodegenerative conditions. This knowledge is crucial for understanding how cognitive processes can be enhanced or affected. Through articles in this category, prepare to journey into the complex components of the brain, the tools used to study them, and the fascinating discoveries that continue to shape our understanding of human cognition.