Panax Ginseng Review: Benefits, Dosage & Side Effects

Updated on October 30, 2022
 by — reviewed by Jason Williams, PhD (Contributor: George Collins / Editor: Yoko Hill)

This review will tell you everything you need to know about Panax ginseng from its benefits to its side effects and dosage.

Panax ginseng has been used for centuries as an alternative therapy commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine. The Panax ginseng root is believed to contain properties that heal and benefit the body by reducing inflammation, promoting cognitive functions, boosting the immune system, and improving general health and wellbeing.

The root contains active compounds and components which have antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effects that work to promote a host of health benefits.

In recent years, alternative therapies have grown in popularity with more people reverting to natural remedies for treating ailments and boosting wellbeing. Packed full of antioxidants and active compounds, it’s no surprise that Panax ginseng is widely used for promoting health benefits.

Let’s delve into why this root is so popular…

What is Panax Ginseng?

Panax Ginseng Review

Panax Ginseng is also known as Asiatic ginseng is a root that is commonly found in East Asia. It is classified as a species of ginseng that derives from the family of Araliaceae.

Panax Ginseng can be used as a supplement and is commonly used in herbal medicine. It contains ginsenosides which are concentrated active compounds associated with having a steroid-like, invigorating effect. These compounds are associated with offering health benefits that do everything from improving inflammation to treating severe diseases.

Effects & Benefits

The benefits and effects are:

Anti-Inflammatory

Panax Ginseng is commonly used as a medicinal plant that’s used to treat inflammatory conditions such as bronchitis. In one study, the active compounds of ginsenosides (ginseng saponins) are shown to suppress inflammation progression which consequently leads to the promotion of inflammation resolution.

Inflammation occurs in the body as a result of an immune response. When the body is invaded by pathogens, irritants, or harmful stimuli, the body’s response is to react with self-defense.

The presence of an infection, trauma, or invasion causes the body to produce an inflammatory response. When the body detects invasion it secretes plasma protein that results in the buildup of fluid causing swelling. The body then releases leukocytes which migrate toward the affected area to help fight the pathogens.

Whilst inflammation is a necessary process in healing and restoring damaged tissues, the effect of inflammation can be harmful to the body. Acute inflammation can lead to the development of chronic inflammation which causes more severe symptoms.

Chronic inflammation is characterized as the long-term response to an inflammatory stimulus caused by tissue damage as a result of sustained inflammatory response.

The effect of chronic inflammation is the increased rate of destruction of cells and tissues in comparison to the rate of cellular regeneration. Chronic inflammation increases the risk of several inflammatory diseases. These include, but are not limited to; allergies, asthma, autoimmune diseases, coeliac disease, hepatitis, inflammatory bowel disease, and cancer.

A study shows that the effects of Panax ginseng are promising when it comes to treating inflammatory diseases. Panax ginseng’s active compounds work to suppress the excess secretion of pro-inflammatory signaling pathways. Ginsenoside is the most significant component of Panax ginseng when it comes to fighting inflammation.

This active compound provides an anti-inflammatory effect by inhibiting the production of pro-inflammatory components such as lipopolysaccharides. Ginsenoside is also responsible for suppressing the activation of NF-KB. NF-KB is characterized as a proinflammatory signaling pathway associated with the transfer of proinflammatory genes such as cytokines and chemokines.

Ginsenoside also has neuroprotective effects by regulating early free radical scavenging activity which can help to reduce the damage done to healthy cells and tissue.

Improves Brain Function

Panax ginseng is commonly used as an alternative treatment for improving cognitive performance, memory, and mood. A 2018 research study showed that the plant contains antioxidant properties that are beneficial for improving short-term memory and cognitive performance in older adults.

Results from a placebo-controlled, double blind, randomized, and crossover study was undertaken which concluded that short-term ingestion of Panax ginseng affects working memory processes and can help enhance cognitive performance in those with Alzheimer’s disease.

Using Panax ginseng doesn’t just contribute to improving cognitive performance, memory, and mood in older adults as research shows that it improves the cognitive function of a range of people.

Taking a single, low dose of 200 mg Panax ginseng may be able to significantly improve mental performance, in as little as ten minutes. It is effective in boosting cognitive performance and reducing fatigue.

This effect relates to how it increases the intake of blood sugar by cells. The result of which contributes to enhancing a person's overall cognitive performance and reducing fatigue which can subsequently lead to improving mood.

Boost Energy

Panax ginseng contains powerful components that work to fight oxidative stress to reduce fatigue and boost energy. These compounds include polysaccharides and oligopeptides.

Polysaccharides are characterized as carbohydrates that are responsible for providing energy storage and structural support. They can quickly be transformed from glucose into cell energy which aids in boosting energy.

Improves Erectile Dysfunction

Studies show that Panax ginseng may be useful in the treatment of erectile dysfunction. The root contains antioxidant compounds which help to combat oxidative stress. This results in the restored function of the tissue and muscle cells in the penis.

Panax ginseng also contains active ginsenosides which offer steroid-like effects. As a result, the ginsenosides work to promote the release of nitric oxide in the endothelial cells which promotes the relaxation of the muscle and the increase in blood circulation consequently resulting in an erection.

Immune Boosting

Panax ginseng is traditionally used in Chinese medicine as an alternative therapy for boosting the immune system. The root is considered to possess adaptogenic properties that enable it to treat autoimmune conditions and can aid in disease prevention.

Adaptogens are characterized as active plant substances that contain balancing effects. They work to stabilize homeostasis by promoting hormone production to help balance the body’s physiological stress and defense responses.

Studies show that Panax ginseng increases the production of cytokines. This results in the stimulation of a cellular immune response and humoral immune response. This provides an immune-boosting effect that works to prevent illness by enhancing resistance.

The active compound of ginsenoside present in Panax ginseng contains properties that significantly suppress the secretion of the Hepatitis B virus and viral particles in infected cells.

Provides Anti-Cancer Properties

Panax ginseng administered for a long period of time has been shown to have anti-cancer effects. The medicinal herb can significantly repress human prostate cancer cells by causing cancer cell death and promoting a process of removing damaged cells to make way for new and healthy cell production.

Reduces Stress

Panax ginseng is believed to possess adaptogenic properties. Adaptogens are classified as properties present in natural substances that aid the stabilization of physiological processes to promote balance, homeostasis and reduce stress.

Adaptogens help the body adapt to stress by putting the body back in a state of equilibrium. They interact with the body’s nervous system and immune system to rebalance functions and restore homeostasis which contributes to reducing stress.

Dosage & How to Use

Panax ginseng is available to purchase over the counter, it comes in several forms. Panax ginseng can be taken as a liquid, powder, oil capsules, or tablets. It can also be brought in its raw form as a dried root that can be boiled in water for drinking as tea.

Panax ginseng can easily be added to your diet by adding it to meals and drinks. It’s most effective when it is consumed before a meal as this helps to increase absorption.

Though there is no set amount for the recommended dose of Panax ginseng, it is often taken in doses of 1 to 2 grams if you’re taking raw Panax ginseng root or 200 to 400 mg/day for an extract.

However, as there are different ways of taking it, doses and frequency intake will vary. It’s advised that you begin by taking a lower dose to see how the medication works with your body before beginning to increase the dose.

It’s also advised that before taking any new medication, that you consult your doctor for additional information and advice, especially if you are currently taking other medication.

Side Effects

It’s advised that Panax ginseng be taken for short-term use. Though it’s considered safe, like any medication, there is always the risk of side effects. Therefore, whilst using Panax ginseng is of low risk, the plant contains active compounds that may affect the body after excessive use. Hence, it’s important to exercise caution and use it slowly and for a short period of time.

Taking excessive doses of Panax ginseng or combining it with other medication or herb treatments may cause side effects that include experiencing insomnia, nausea, headaches, or digestive problems.

Interactions & Safety

Panax ginseng contains properties that may interact with certain medications. Interactions to avoid include:

Panax ginseng should be avoided by anyone taking anticoagulant medications such as blood-thinners and antiplatelet medications such as aspirin as it may increase the risk of bleeding.

Panax ginseng may also interfere with antidepressant medication as it may affect the level of neurotransmitters.

Panax ginseng may interfere with blood pressure and blood sugar levels, therefore, it should be avoided by any on diabetic medication or suffers from hypertension.

Panax ginseng should also be avoided by children and women who are either pregnant or breastfeeding. Although there is no conclusive evidence on the effects of Panax ginseng will have on children or women who are pregnant or breastfeeding, it’s advised that these groups of people avoid the medicine.

All those who may interact with Panax ginseng should exercise caution and consult their GP before using the herbal medication.

Experiences on Reddit

Take a look at some of the feedback from real people on Reddit after using Panax ginseng:

According to DattGuyyy:

“I feel more energy from ginseng and it has increased my libido. The ginseng helps me get a longer house of studying, and I don’t feel drained after a long day of reading…”

According to Wittyjesus:

“It fights fatigue and it creates a stimulating feeling…”

Where to Buy

You can buy the best Panax ginseng power online from several vendors. However, many come from resellers and may contain additional ingredients. If you are unsure, you can always contact the vendor to find out more information on the product.

However, if you’re wanting an easier solution that doesn’t require hours of research, there are plenty of great certified and third-party tested vendors online that provide high-quality and safe products with all the benefits you need.

If you’re looking for Panax ginseng powder for treating depression, brain fog, or inflammation, buy Panax ginseng from a reputable source with a proven record for selling high-quality herbal products like botany.bio.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Your questions answered.

Is Panax Ginseng Safe?

Studies on both animals and humans show that Panax ginseng is safe and non-toxic. However, like all medicines, it’s important to exercise caution and practice using it appropriately. Different Panax ginseng products will state individually recommended dosages.

To ensure you get the full benefits, follow the instructions of use carefully and if you are unsure, consult your doctor for more information. Panax ginseng is a safe and effective alternative treatment for helping to treat ailments and improve overall well-being.

With the correct dosage and appropriate use, Panax ginseng may be able to offer health benefits of treating health problems associated with inflammation, stress, and fatigue and improving wellbeing by treating erectile dysfunction, improving cognitive function, and preventing illness. Panax ginseng contains a host of properties, many of which are associated with having a positive effect on the body.

Generally considered a safe and effective product, Panax ginseng makes a suitable alternative therapy. However, everyone reacts to medicine differently, hence, it’s important to exercise caution and consult your doctor before beginning any treatment. Used in the right way, Panax ginseng may improve a multitude of areas in your life by improving your health and wellbeing.

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