13 Best Nootropics for Memory & Recall

Updated on November 7, 2022
 by — reviewed by Jason Williams, PhD (Contributor: George Collins / Editor: Yoko Hill)

Short-term memory is one of the main concerns of people who decide to use the best nootropics for memory.

It is common knowledge that the brain's ability to function declines as we age. As such, it is no surprise that more and more people are looking for ways to improve their memory. Luckily, several supplements on the market have been shown to enhance memory in some capacity or another.

However, nootropic supplements do more than improving memory - they boost the brain and enhance other cognitive functions.
Nootropics work in many brain pathways to support neurotransmitters and overall brain health and brain function.

In this guide, you will learn everything about the best nootropics to aid your cognitive performance and memory enhancement.

These supplements vary from natural nootropics like caffeine to synthetic ones and nootropic stacks.

Best Nootropics for Memory

Many nootropics are available on the market today, such as Rhodiola Rosea, Ginkgo Biloba, CDP Choline, lecithin, and many more. It is up to anyone's personal preference which nootropic benefits them the most.

Nootropics are all made with different purposes in mind, so you have to remember that when choosing the best nootropics in the market.

For example, if you suffer from anxiety or depression, one of the goals is to reduce symptoms associated with this condition and improve your mood.

Some nootropics are more potent than others and should only be taken when prescribed by a doctor or specialist in this field - especially if you suffer from any mental health condition like anxiety or depression.

Nootropics have alleviated symptoms associated with these conditions for years, but research is still ongoing. The goal is always to reduce incidents of relapse while making patients feel better about themselves.

According to scientific evidence and our research, the 12 best nootropics for short- and long-term memory are:

1. NooCube

NooCube contains amino acids and vitamins and stimulates neurotransmitters' production that allows more efficient communication between nerves.

Noocube is a nootropic supplement that's created for those who are looking to improve their cognition.

The creator of NooCube, Dr. David Rabiner, is a board-certified neurologist and has researched Alzheimer's for more than 20 years.

He believes that the main ingredient in his supplement, choline bitartrate (CBT), enhances memory by helping people increase their oxygen flow.


NooCube is a nootropic that claims to enhance memory, improve mental stamina, and increase multitasking and concentration. Noocube also helps new neurons grow faster to decrease the impact of age-related cognitive decline.

Dosage and Ingredients

This supplement has ingredients such as Alpha glycerylphosphorylcholine (Alpha GPC) that raise the neurotransmitter acetylcholine levels. Bacopa Monnieri helps repair the damaged neurons aid in the production of new ones. With increased activity of neurotransmitters, the mind can operate adequately, aiding improved memory.

When taking NooCube, make sure to take two capsules per day for at least three months. It is not recommended to use NooCube as a quick fix or in conjunction with other drugs without talking to your doctor first.

2. Nooceptin

Nooceptin is a cutting-edge nootropic supplement designed to help you unlock your full cognitive potential. It contains a unique blend of clinically proven ingredients that work together to improve memory retention and recall, sharpen focus, reduce stress and anxiety, support learning and problem-solving, and more. With its scientifically backed formula, Nooceptin is the perfect choice for optimizing brain health and performance.


Nooceptin enhances cognitive performance in six key ways, including improved memory retention and recall, sharper focus, reduced stress and anxiety, and better blood flow to the brain.

Dosage and Ingredients

Nooceptin is easy to use - just take 3 capsules per day in the morning.

The seven ingredients in Nooceptin are:

  • Lion's Mane Extract
  • Citicoline
  • L-Theanine
  • Panax Ginseng
  • Rhodiola Rosea Extract
  • Bacopa Monnieri
  • Ginkgo Biloba

2. Mind Lab Pro

Mind Lab Pro is known as one of the best nootropics for mental boosting. It is a nootropic supplement that contains natural ingredients such as CDP Choline and bacopa extract.

It should be noted that the FDA has not approved this supplement, so there may be some side effects for those sensitive; these typically include nausea or headache.

Some other common side effects are headaches, tiredness, irritability due to sleep deprivation.


Mind Lab Pro claims to improve focus, mood, mental energy, motivation, brain protection, memory, and learning. Out of all other smart drugs, this supplement is the most studied and clinically proven safe nootropic.

Dosage and Ingredients

This nootropic has one of the most known memory-retention abilities among nootropics and is best for mood enhancement. Several of its ingredients have the same purpose of providing a holistic boost in brain performance and brain health. It has ingredients like Bacopa Monnieri that boost neurotransmitters and Maritime Pine Bark Extract, increasing blood flow. It is caffeine and allergen-free, just like the other nootropic stacks mentioned.

Take one capsule of Mind Lab Pro thirty minutes before you start your day. Mind Lab Pro should be taken 30-60 minutes before a meal with water.

If you want to take it at night, make sure that you have allowed enough time before bed to give your body plenty of time to process these supplements.

3. Alpha Brain

Alpha Brain is a stimulant that targets the brain's executive functions, namely, focus, motivation, inhibitory control, and memory. Take note that of all the nootropics available in the market, only Alpha Brain is tested to be effective in improving executive functions.

Alpha Brain is a nootropic that combines natural nutrients such as vitamins and amino acids to help improve focus, creativity, and memory.

This supplement has been shown to assist individuals who have difficulty concentrating due to stress or anxiety. It does cause some side effects, including nausea or sleepiness in some people, so consult your physician before use if you are pregnant/breastfeeding, etc.


Alpha Brain boosts the alpha waves and enhances neurotransmitters' production, and by doing so, cognitive enhancement is achieved. This nootropic supplement puts the consumer in a "flow state" wherein you experience optimal consciousness.

Dosage and Ingredients

Brain fog is eliminated, and mental clarity is fulfilled as it aims to improve memory functions with one of these smart drugs ingredients, specifically, L-Theanine. Keep in mind that this supplement does not have caffeine which blocks adenosine receptors to keep you from feeling more tired but does not make you feel jittery.

Alpha Brain ingredients include L-tyrosine, L-theanine, L-glutamine, choline bitartrate (for CDP Choline production), and alpha GPC.

It is recommended to take one capsule of Alpha Brain thirty minutes before you start your day.

4. Brain Pill

Favored by people with tightly-knitted deadlines and highly exhausting jobs, Brain Pill is an effective supplement in preventing signs of burnout such as brain fog.

The creator of Brain Pill, Dr. David Rabiner, created this product because he wanted to help those struggling with cognition.

Dr. Rabiner is a board-certified neurologist and has researched Alzheimer's for more than 20 years.

He believes that the main ingredient in his supplement, choline bitartrate (CBT), enhances memory by helping people increase their oxygen flow.

This particular nootropic does not contain any stimulants, so it won't cause an energy rush or jitters like some products do.


Brain Pill improves sorts of cognitive functioning like memory, focus, and energy. Brain Pill also helps your learning functioning because it enhances the speed of processing information.

Dosage and Ingredients

The main ingredients of this Cognizin and Synapse that common in other drugs. Cognizin provides brain food, which enhances cognitive function and the neurotransmitter acetylcholine system. Synapse, on the other hand, improves memory and the ability to recall. It is also the one responsible for aiding learning faster. L-Theanine, an amino acid ingredient, aids heightened focus and energy. It is also caffeine-free, so it does not cause jitteriness.

Brain Pill must be taken in conjunction with a healthy and nutritious diet. For best results, it is recommended to take Brain Pill twice per day, once in the morning and again at lunchtime.

5. Hunter Focus

Hunter Focus was created by a company called Neuro-Science.

They specialize in all kinds of cognition enhancers created to help people focus and enhance their performance. One such supplement is Hunter Focus, a nootropic designed as an alternative for those who want more energy without the side effects.

Hunter Focus was created to increase productivity and improve focus, concentration without the side effects of stimulants.

Hunter Focus increases focus and productivity by enhancing blood flow so that the brain cells can receive more oxygen and nutrients. More oxygen in the brain means it can work more efficiently, not only limiting the effects on focus and productivity.


This nootropic's main effects are more energy, improved attention for a more extended period, and calmness even under pressure.

Dosage and Ingredients

According to a study, Citicoline, one of its ingredients, is shown to have improved membrane formation up to 26% and brain energy by 13.6%. With enhanced levels of neurotransmitters comes improved memory. It also has Lion's Mane Mushroom and Ashwagandha that restore and support long-term memory. The use of Ashwagandha also reduces stress and depression. L-Theanine and L-Tyrosine are used to improve concentration.

The recommended initial dose is one capsule taken upon waking on an empty stomach. The capsules can be broken or opened for those with difficulty swallowing the capsule whole and then washed down with water, juice, coffee or tea, etc.

6. Cognizin (Citicoline)

Cognizin is a patented version of the nootropic Citicoline and has been shown by research to enhance memory and concentration.

Cognizin was created by a company called Cognizin. They specialize in cognitive enhancers and are committed to providing their customers with top-quality products that promote brain health and function at any age.


Cognizin keeps your brain sharp and balanced no matter the circumstance. Cognizin is also helpful in supplying sufficient amounts of oxygen to the brain and distributing nutrients to the neurons.

The creators of this nootropic believe it is beneficial for anyone looking for increased focus, concentration, clarity, or mental energy without the side effects of stimulants such as caffeine which can cause anxiety or sleep problems when taken too late in the day.

It should be noted that there have been a small number of reports from people who experienced headaches while taking cognizin. Still, long-term use has shown these symptoms eventually go away (though some may experience nausea if they take more than one serving per day).

Dosage and Ingredients

This supplement provides CDP Choline as Citicoline is split into Cytidine and Choline, essential in preventing age-related memory loss since the depletion of CDP Choline levels is natural. CDP Choline is transformed into acetylcholine which is a vital neurotransmitter. One of its essential effects is preventing the cell membrane's breakdown that is the leading cause of Alzheimer's disease.

Cognizin must be taken on an empty stomach and with at least a 16 oz. glass of water before or during exercise to avoid dehydration.

Cognizin should not be taken within two hours of bedtime as this can disrupt sleep patterns.

Take one tablet 30 minutes before any activity (30-60mg) for general cognitive endurance; 60-90 mg pre-workout for enhanced mental focus.

7. Bacopa Monnieri

An Ayurvedic herb, Bacopa Monnieri, is popular for promoting memory in a healthy human.

Bacopa Monnieri was discovered by a person named Dr. Brahmi in ancient Indian medicine and has been used for centuries to help those who struggle with memory loss, focus, or concentration.

It's one of the best-known herbal remedies that are still in use today due to its wide variety of health benefits, including improved cognitive function as well as long-term protective qualities from Alzheimer's disease.

Bacopa Monnieri was created to help enhance the memory retention of an individual by promoting signaling in the hippocampus, which controls our ability to form new memories.


Bacopa Monnieri supports and improves signaling in the hippocampus, wherein the information processing and its conversion to memory happen.

It has also been shown to improve cognitive function while providing long-term protection against Alzheimer's disease and aging-related impairment in cognition due to changes in brain chemistry over time.

The creators recommend it for people looking for improved concentration or clarity, increased attention span, and reduced stress levels without any stimulant side effects such as caffeine that can be associated with anxiety or sleep problems when taken too late at night.

Dosage and Ingredients

This supplement has active ingredients called bacosides that protect the brain against oxidative stress and repair any damaged neuron system while aiding new ones' growth.

Improving communication among neurons and the production of acetylcholine are the main nootropic effects of this one. It works by increasing the body's production of dendrites responsible for receiving information from other nerve cells. Based on a study in Portland, there was evidence that Bacopa Monnieri improved people's performance in memory, attention, and other cognitive abilities.

Take Bacopa Monnieri with a meal to avoid stomach upset.

The recommended dosage of Bacopa Monnieri is 300-450 mg per day, taken in two doses.

Do not take more than 900mg in 24 hours without consulting your physician first.

8. Rhodiola Rosea

Rhodiola Rosea, also known as golden root or arctic root, boosts memory, learning, and brain protection.

Rhodiola Rosea was discovered in the 1960s by a Soviet scientist.

He found it on an expedition to Tibet and took back samples of plants with him for further study.


One of the nootropic supplements that are adaptogens helps the body resist external and internal stress and fight burnout. Research says this adaptogenic herb can improve mood, sleep, anxiety, short-term memory, and other nervous system tasks. This is one of the widely used nootropic supplements because of its multiple health benefits.

The creators of this nootropic believe it could be beneficial for anyone suffering from sleep deprivation, anxiety disorders, depression, or bipolar disorder because by taking Rhodiola, they should experience a reduction in symptoms associated with these conditions (though one side effect that may occur is insomnia) due to its ability to help promote relaxation without making you feel tired after waking up.

Dosage and Ingredients

It is recommended that you take Rhodiola Rosea with food or at least eight ounces of water.

Dosage is typically between 100-200 mg per day divided into two doses; avoid taking more than 400mg if pregnant. If you have high blood pressure, then use caution when using this supplement.

They recommend starting slow when using Rhodiola and then slowly ramping up your dosage as needed based on how you feel.

9. Panax Ginseng

Commonly used in Chinese traditional medicine for centuries, Panax Ginseng enhances memory, behavior, and mood. Some studies also show evidence that it can protect the brain from damage induced by free radicals.

A Chinese herbalist first discovered it during the Tang dynasty who initially used it to help restore his patient's energy levels and vitality.

He found that Panax Ginseng had many of these properties. He attributed it to its ability to increase blood flow through nitric oxide production (though there is no scientific evidence for this).


It is assumed that the uptake of blood sugar by cells is affected by Ginseng-containing supplements so that you can experience increased performance and less fatigue. It helps with mental fatigue and sleep deprivation.

There have been several studies showing the benefits that Panax Ginseng can provide.

These include: reducing blood sugar levels as well as lowering cholesterol)

It has also been shown to help reduce stress and anxiety, which may be attributed to increasing dopamine levels in sufferers.)

Dosage and Ingredients

The most effective dosage for this ginseng is 600mg, taken two times per day.

However, it is possible that you can grow tolerance with Panax Ginseng supplements after continuous use for about eight weeks.

It is recommended to start slow and gradually increase the dosage based on how you feel after taking Panax Ginseng.

10. Ginkgo Biloba

Another common ingredient in nootropics that can be taken as standalone, Ginkgo Biloba, is often acclaimed as a memory aid.

It comes from the Ginkgo Biloba tree, and it is the oldest known living plant on Earth.

The leaves were used to heal wounds in ancient times. It is still used as a traditional remedy to this day.

Ginkgo Biloba has been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties that help reduce symptoms of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.


Ginkgo Biloba improves mental processing and memory among healthy older adults. One study found that this supplement effectively against Alzheimer's dementia, and other studies eventually backed it.

It is believed that this nootropic promotes good blood circulation and brain protection from neural damage, which can heighten cognitive function.

Dosage and Ingredients

The ingredients of Ginkgo Biloba are standardized for 24% Ginkgo Flavone Glycosides and Terpene Lactones.

The suggested dosage is 240-320 mg of the extract, taken twice per day with meals.

If you have the extract, take it orally.

Start with a low dosage and increase as needed to achieve desired results. Generally, the plant extract doses range between 120-240 mg per day, though it is recommended that you only take up to 240mg at the most in any given 24 hour period.

11. Phosphatidylserine

Phosphatidylserine helps combat memory loss due to age.

Phosphatidylserine is a phospholipid or fat molecule found in human cells.

It is most concentrated in the brain and plays an essential role as a structural component of cellular membranes)

The structure of phosphatidylserine resembles that of fatty acids known to reduce high levels of cholesterol and triglycerides by lowering serum lipids.)

Phosphatidylserine also appears to have significant anti-inflammatory properties, which may help with cognitive functioning.


Covering and protecting brain cells while carrying messages between them are the main functions of this nootropic. It can also par with Creatine when it comes to boosting endurance and brain energy as Creatine acts as a fuel to the brain.

Phosphatidylserine has been linked to improved memory recall, concentration, short-term memory loss prevention (for those impaired), protection against dementia symptoms associated with Alzheimer's disease, increased alertness/concentration while reducing feelings of stress & anxiety).

Phosphatidylserine boosts brainpower, short-term memory, and concentration.

Dosage and Ingredients

The ingredients of phosphatidylserine include Soy Lecithin (soybean), soy lecithin, phosphatidylserine.

The suggested dosage is 100-200 mg per day taken with food. It should be avoided by breastfeeding mothers or those taking other medications without consulting a physician first.

This is one of the naturally occurring nootropics found in foods required for the body's normal functioning. As the body and brain age, depletion of this substance is inevitable.

12. Acetyl-L-Carnitine

Acetyl-L-Carnitine is a synthesized form of L-carnitine. It is a naturally occurring amino acid found in the brain, and it helps to produce energy for cells as well as repair damaged DNA)

Acetyl-L-Carnitine can also improve memory by increasing acetylcholine production while decreasing its breakdown, leading to increased levels of this neurotransmitter.


There are many benefits when taking Acetyl-L Carnitine, such as improved cognitive function, mood alleviation, and increased fat burning capacity.

Acetyl-L-Carnitine works in the brain by increasing the synthesis of acetylcholine], which is a neurotransmitter that has many effects - not just on memory.

Dosage and Ingredients

The recommended dosage for acetyl-l-carnitine is between 500 mg to 1500mg.

You must take Acetyl-L-Carnitine with food to be adequately absorbed by the body and brain since it can cause nausea when taken on an empty stomach.

The best time to take this nootropic is during or after a meal - not before sleeping.

If taking Acetyl L Carnitine as a dietary supplement, capsule form works well, but powder form might have some side effects of gastric distress.

What is a Nootropic?

Nootropics are smart drugs that enhance cognition and memory by influencing neurotransmitters in the brain.

Nootropic supplements can improve memory function and general mental performance by restoring chemical balances that are often disrupted due to stress or aging.

Some people take nootropics to stay focused on tasks without the risk of developing a tolerance or dependence on them. Other people take nootropics to enhance their social interactions and performance.

Nootropics are substances that have been shown to improve cognitive function and memory.

The term nootropic was coined by Dr. Corneliu E. Giurgea, a Romanian scientist who synthesized Piracetam in 1964.

There is no one definitive list of all the benefits associated with taking smart drugs - as research suggests, they can help those experiencing difficulty sleeping due to stress or anxiety; there's also evidence that some may assist individuals living with chronic diseases.

How Do Nootropics Work in the Brain?

Nootropics work by increasing blood flow to the brain, improving neurotransmitter release, and encouraging neuron growth.

Neuron growth happens when nootropics increase the rate of cell division.

The more cells that are present in certain areas, the better brain function will be.

Nootropics also reduce oxidative stress, which is a natural by-product of our metabolic process.

Oxidative damage to DNA and RNA can cause serious health problems like cancer. Nootropics help with repairing these damages while reducing inflammation as well. The result is increased cognitive ability and decreased symptoms associated with mental health conditions like anxiety & depression.

The body produces several chemicals that promote neurological functioning listed in this table: Acetylcholine, CDP Choline, GABA, Glutamate (GABA is one). They all play different roles in memory function. You can see how an increase or decrease would affect cognitive functions such as learning & recall, attention span, focus, and concentration - not just short-term memory.

There is also evidence that cognitive enhancement in adults may be achieved through nootropics specifically targeting the cholinergic system, which would affect memory, attention span, and other functions.

Side Effects & Safety

While they do not pose any health risk when you ingest the recommended dosage, it is advisable to refrain from consuming prescription nootropics if it is not prescribed to you. They can cause high blood pressure, insomnia, trouble with eyesight, fast heart rate, and addiction.

side effects and safety nootropics for mood

Nootropics are not nootropics if they have side effects. But keep in mind that without ingesting moderately, they can cause similar side effects as prescription nootropics.

What is a Nootropic Stack for Memory?

Nootropics are a class of drugs that can help improve memory, focus, and other mental abilities. Some nootropics work as single substances, and others are made to be taken together as a stack.

A nootropic stack is a group of supplements that are often taken together. These stacks can have different effects when taken with other supplements, such as boosting memory or focus.

best nootropics for memory featured image

There's a science to nootropic stacking. Start with the basics, such as "nootropics for memory," and start your stack off with a powerhouse like phenylpiracetam. Then build in the more specific nootropic for memory, such as Piracetam and choline.

A nootropic stack combines two or more nootropics in one formula. A nootropic stack is a combination of supplements that work together to improve memory.

Nootropics can also help with other issues like anxiety and depression. Some people find that they want to try a Nootropic stack because they have trouble focusing on work or school, which leads them to lose interest in what they are doing, making it harder for them to function well. Nootropics can help people with these problems by increasing concentration, calming anxiety, and relaxing the mind.

When you add stacks of nootropics together, each ingredient should be taken in moderation. This is especially true for people taking medications or those who have special medical conditions that affect their systems.


The best nootropics for memory depend on the needs of each individual and what they want to achieve.

It's important to remember that nootropics are still a relatively new science, so we don't have all the answers yet, but it looks promising.

One of the main reasons why people buy nootropics is because of their memory-enhancing ability. If you want a sharper memory and healthier mind while enjoying other neural benefits, nootropics can help you. Most of them are risk-free, but you must observe proper caution.

This guide is for informational purposes and can serve as your manual in finding which nootropic fits you best. However, it is better to seek medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment from your doctor before buying nootropics, especially if you have a disease or disorder.